15 April 2015
Yeah, it happened. The SGR is finally dead. Hooray! Sort of.
I mean, it's great and all that — we'll no longer have the annual threat of a massive payment cut from a poorly crafted piece of legislation from the 1990s; we'll no longer have to endure the annual ritual of last-minute legislative theatrics to avert the yearly cuts, we'll no longer have to waste our lobbying time and effort to make sure those cuts were never allowed to go into effect.
But let's not pretend this was in any way a win for physicians.
The replacement for the SGR, in the "Medicare and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015" (MACRA - get to know that acronym!) is that physician reimbursement is low locked into a long-term deflationary schedule. The Medicare Professional Fee Schedule will now post annual increases of 0.5% from 2015-2020 and 0% from 2020-2026. Even assuming this extended period of unnaturally low inflation continues for the next decade, that still amounts to a compounding negative real payment update every year. This may not be a terrible deal for, say, emergency physicians. I may not like it but my practice is very low overhead, and I can absorb a small negative hit to my income.
But for practices with meaningful overhead — rent, salaries and benefits for non-physician staffing, IT, equipment — this is really bad. Those costs are going to continue to rise, some well in excess of the general inflation rate. And that is going to continue to squeeze the viability out of general office-based practices, a trend that is already a decade old. It's worth re-emphasizing that many private payers track medicare fee schedules, so these reductions will ripplae across markets.
And let's not forget all the other crap that got piled into this bill while nobody was looking. The pay-for-performance program will now put an amount of physician income of 4%, rising to 9%, at risk for physicians and groups not meeting the as-yet-undefined performance metrics.
The performance metrics will, however, more or less require use of an EHR and are written in such a way that participation in the much-maligned ABMS Maintenance of Certification program is almost obligatory. There are also extensions of requirements for "Meaningful Use" of an EHR which I admit I am not an expert on but also seems to draw much ire from physicians.
It's a testament to how desperate the AMA and all the other organizations within the house of medicine were to get rid of the SGR, that there was not a single objection voiced to, well, to any provision of MACRA. We were prepared to accept anything, no matter how bad, to get rid of the SGR. Mission accomplished.
It's a bad deal. It's better than the alternative and probably the best deal possible from this Congress and in this budgetary environment, but we should not be too giddy about it, or pretend it's anything more than it is. The SGR is dead and the campaign to fix MACRA will begin, oh, any time now.
Posted by shadowfax at 12:35 PM